ARTICLE 2. Priority and Lien of Tax
(Article 2 added by Stats. 1959, Ch. 1040.)
30321. The amounts required to be paid by any person under this part together
with interest and penalties shall be satisfied first in any of the following cases:
(a) Whenever the person is insolvent.
(b) Whenever the person makes a voluntary assignment of his assets.
(c) Whenever the estate of the person in the hands of executors, administrators, or heirs is insufficient to pay all the debts due from the deceased.
(d) Whenever the estate and effects of an absconding, concealed, or absent person required to pay any amount under this part are levied upon by process of law.
This section does not give the state a preference over any lien or security interest which was recorded or perfected prior to the time when the state records or files its lien as provided in Section 7171 of the Government Code.
The preference given to the state by this section shall be subordinate to the preferences given to claims for personal services by Sections 1204 and 1206 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
History.—Stats. 1977, Ch. 481, operative July 1, 1978, in next to the last paragraph, deleted "any recorded lien which attached prior to the date when the amounts required to be paid became a lien." following "preference over" and substituted the above language. Stats. 1979, Ch. 373, effective January 1, 1980, changed "1026" to "1206" in (d). Stats. 1980, Ch. 600, operative January 1, 1981, substituted "as provided in Section 7171 of the Government Code" for "pursuant to subdivision (b) or (c) of Section 30322"
30322. (a) If any person fails to pay any amount imposed under this part at the
time that it becomes due and payable, the amount thereof, including penalties
and interest, together with any costs in addition thereto, shall thereupon
be a perfected and enforceable state tax lien. Such a lien is subject
to Chapter 14 (commencing with Section 7150) of Division 7 of Title 1
of the Government Code.
(b) For the purpose of this section, amounts are "due and payable" on the following dates:
(1) For amounts disclosed on a return received by the board before the date the return is delinquent, the date the return would have been delinquent;
(2) For amounts disclosed on a return filed on or after the date the return is delinquent, the date the return is received by the board;
(3) For amounts determined under Section 30241 (pertaining to jeopardy assessments), the date the notice of the board's finding is mailed or issued;
(4) For all other amounts, the date the assessment is final.
History.—Added by Stats. 1977, Ch. 481, operative July 1, 1978. Stats. 1979, Ch. 322, effective January 1, 1980, changed wording of second paragraph of (a), deleted reference to judgment creditors following second sentence of (f). Changed "January 1, 1978" to "July 1, 1978" in (g). Stats. 1980, Ch. 600, operative January 1, 1981, deleted part of first sentence in (a) following "lien"; substituted present second sentence for former second sentence; renumbered second paragraph of (a) to become (b); deleted former (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), and (g)